Stonehenge-The Heel Stone.
By Sir Flinders Petrie, F.R.S.
If the first appearance of the sun is in the axis of Stonehenge, its complete appearance must be east of that. I had long ago thought that the Heel stone marked the complete view of the disc, and on rough calculation it seems that the complete sunrise is 49' east of the first glance. The Heel stone viewed from the trilithon is stated to be 72' east. But the view might be taken from further back along the axis. Though the original width of the trilithon gap is uncertain, yet the entrance gives a limit, and the line most parallel to the axis from entrance to the peak of the Heel is about 60' from axis. Thus it might be possible for the axis to be at the first gleam, and the Heel at the full disc, with a discrepancy of 12'. This brings it within the small amounts that need to be verified by observation on the spot. Was the peak or the centre of the Heel stone intended as a mark?
Yet, after all, has anyone verified that there was not a fellow to the Heel-stone, making a pair symmetric to the axis?
Man Vol. 24 (Jul., 1924), p. 107 Published by: Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland DOI: 10.2307/2788777 Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2788777